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Blood type plays just as a critical of a role in determining the severity of infection of COVID-19 - Healthcare Quality Improvement Campaign
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Why would blood type have anything to do with COVID-19?

That’s not clear. Perhaps different combinations of A and B antigens change the immune system’s production of infection-fighting antibodies or have some other unknown biologic effect, the authors of the New England Journal of Medicine study wrote.

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Another possibility is that the genes associated with blood type also affect the ACE2 receptor on human cells

Why are blood transfusions important in regards to covid? 

Nearly 21 million blood products are transfused each year. Platelets, critical for cancer patients, must be transfused within 5 days of donation. Adults have around 10 pints of blood in their bodies. About 1 pint is given during a donation.

A massive transfusion is classified as more than 4 units of packed red blood cells in an hour, or more than 10 units of packed red cells in 24 hours. This is enough blood to replace an average-sized person’s entire blood volume.

Also known as erythrocytes, RBCs are the most common type of cell found in the blood, with each cubic millimeter of blood containing 4-6 million cells.

A massive transfusion is classified as more than 4 units of packed red blood cells in an hour, or more than 10 units of packed red cells in 24 hours. This is enough blood to replace an average-sized person’s entire blood volume.

How many blood transfusions happen a day?

4.5 million Americans would die each year without life saving blood transfusions. Approximately 32,000 pints of blood are used each day in the United States.

The average adult has about 4 to 6 liters of blood (9 to 12 US pints) in their body. The average man has more blood than the average woman, and people who weigh more or are taller than others have more blood. This means a person can die from losing 2 1/2 to 4 liters of blood.

How much blood can a person lose before they die?

If you lose more than 40 percent of your blood, you will die. This is about 2,000 mL, or 0.53 gallons of blood in the average adult

Does blood replenish? 

Because they lack a nucleus, RBCs stay viable for only about 120 days and must be replaced at the same rate as they disappear from the blood (= 2.5 million cell/second). Also, mature red blood cells contain no nucleus, therefore the have no DNA. 

Why would blood type have anything to do with COVID-19?

That’s not clear. Perhaps different combinations of A and B antigens change the immune system’s production of infection-fighting antibodies or have some other unknown biologic effect, the authors of the New England Journal of Medicine study wrote.

Another possibility is that the genes associated with blood type also affect the ACE2 receptor on human cells

COVID-19 Blood Clot Risks and Symptoms?

Blood clots are blood that have converted from a liquid to a solid state. They can beneficial when they formed in response to a injury or cut for example due to a clots ability to essentially plug the injured vessel stopping the bleeding.  However, blood clots do prevent proper blood flow throughout the blood body, particularly oxygen in the red blood cells circulating the body going to and from the brain, as well as prevents the white blood cells from entering areas to fight infections once plugged.   

The process by which a blood clot forms is called coagulation. Coagulation inhibitor proteins help to prevent abnormal coagulation and resolve clots after they are formed.

The risk of developing blood clots is high with COVID patients after the recovery period, particularly in induvials aged 20-40, due to lack of oxygen. Hereditary traits, blood type, diet, and pre-existing conditions play a crucial role in an individuals likelihood of developing blood clots. 

It was also noticed early on that individuals with expected blood clots were covid positive, assuming clotting may be an early sign of infection.  Only until recently was there enough evidence to understand the correlation in blood clotting in younger individuals and COVID, meaning there may be many in this category who have been mis/undiagnosed and need to address with a healthcare professional before additional potential problems arise. In addition, clotting and swelling are now believed to be an early onset symptom, and regardless of pain level and if experiencing other systems or not, all who believe to be experience blood clots should seek medical treatment.  

Long term effects have still not been defined, however, limbs and lower and upper level extremities such as fingers and toes are also a concern.  It is expected that the number of these receiving rehab will increase in 2021 by 20% directly from COVID-19, which could range from rehabilitation from limb loss to cognitive and physical impairments such as stroke resulting from clots. There is no evidence to support if clotting happens quicker, but there is evidence to prove that those who previously were at low risk may now be considered high risk post infection, regardless of age, sex, or demographic. 

What is Blood Plasma? 

Blood Plasma is simply the liquid portion of blood. You get blood plasma when you separate the red blood cells, white blood cells, and the platelets holding the two together. Whats left after all 3 three are removed is the bloods’ plasma, and it is crucial

Plasma serves as a transport medium for delivering nutrients to the cells of the various organs of the body and for transporting waste products derived from cellular metabolism to the kidneys, liver, and lungs for excretion. 

It is also a transport system for blood cells, and it plays a critical role in maintaining normal blood pressure. Plasma helps to distribute heat throughout the body and to maintain homeostasis, or biological stability, including acid-base balance in the blood and body. 

Blood plasma is around 92% water. The other 6-8% consists of proteins and they play a crucial roles to ones health.  For example, they are responsible for mediating immune and inflammatory responses to a variety of infectious agents, including covid. If the plasma clots, the resulting liquid, devoid of cells and fibrinogen, is then called Blood Serum.  

Biochemical testing of plasma and serum is an important part of modern clinical diagnosis and treatment monitoring. For example, high or low concentrations of glucose in the plasma or serum help to confirm serious disorders such as diabetes mellitus and hypoglycemia. Substances secreted into the plasma by cancers may indicate an occult malignancy; for instance, an increased concentration of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in a middle-aged asymptomatic man may indicate undiagnosed prostate cancer. 

The same rules apply for COVID, which is why blood testing remains the most accurate form of testing for infections and other complications. 

What is Convalescent Blood Therapy?

Studies have varied on its impact on covid19 patients, hwoever, it does seem to be promising in some regard. For example.. .

What is a Universal Plasma Donor?

The universal plasma donor is AB – … this is why, this is how covid affects your blood

The universisal Blood donator is O- ..this is why his is how covid affects your blood

The universal platelet donor is AB- .. this is why.. his is how covid affects your blood

Platelets are not as type specific as red blood cells, meaning that most patients can accept platelets from donors with any blood type, regardless of the patient’s blood type. Since platelets only last for FIVE days, they are always needed by patients.

Can Mosquitos Carry Corona?

Mosquitos are responsible for more human deaths than anything else in human existence. However, they are biologically not likely candidates to host and spread the virus.  

There have been little studies conducted to prove if mosquitos and other insects can transmit the virus.  The World Health Organization has stated although unlikely, it is a possibility.  The virus has mutated multiple times which has allowed it to adapt to new surroundings. 

The real danger with insects is their ability to compromise your healths immunity which could increase your susceptibility of getting infected.  This may be fatal for those with serious health conditions or suffer from conditions such as Sickle Cell Anemia.  

It may be important to note that there is not enough historical data from the previous year to determine any correlation yet, and 

It may also be important to note that mosquitos are most attracted to blood Type O than any other blood type. Fortunately, Type O individuals usually have stronger immune systems.  This is why most studies show Type O patients having a higher covid recovery rate, decreased chances of getting infected and testing positive, and less serious complications after infection.  

Mosquitos, gnats, bed bugs, biting flies, and other insects remain suspect to how they will impact daily life. Prisons systems for example are notoriously known for hosting a large number of inmates with Hepatitis C.  These individuals are at already at greater risk of developing serious health problems if infected with COVID due a compromised immune system.

How do we prevent?  Prevention, awareness, and hygiene. 

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Blood type plays just as a critical of a role in determining the severity of infection of COVID-19

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